Militha Painting stems from a centuries old tradition in the Mithila region of Bihar, India, and Nepal where women would paint grand scenes of nature or domestic bliss on the floors and walls of their homes to mark special occasions in the lives of their families. This form of folk art was discovered by westerners in the mid-twentieth century and, in response to a new market for the craft, artists began to recreate these paintings on paper and cloth. Contemporary artists are now adapting this folk style to modern issues as seen in the bottom two examples.
I love the pattern and color palates of these works. They are totally kick-ass. More works can be seen at MithilaPainting.org and can be purchased for extremely reasonable price at Exotic India.
(images and background via MithilaPainting.org)